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国务院引入第三方评估

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年11月13日 19:35:09
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(  截)(至)(发)(稿)(之)(时)(,南)(都)(记)(者)(在)(国)(务)(院)(官)(方)(网)(站)(—中)(国)(政)(府)(网)(搜)(索)(“第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(”,找)(到)(1130条)(信)(息)(—
  “一)(些)(取)(消)(下)(放)(的)(行)(政)(审)(批)(事)(项)(含)(金)(量)(不)(高)(,特)(别)(是)(简)(政)(放)(权)(后)(监)(管)(缺)(位)(现)(象)(普)(遍)(存)(在)(”,“有)(些)(能)(源)(、基)(础)(设)(施)(建)(设)(等)(领)(域)(的)(投)(资)(项)(目)(,核)(准)(权)(限)(已)(下)(放)(给)(地)(方)(政)(府)(,但)(关)(键)(权)(限)(仍)(在)(相)(关)(部)(委)(,没)(有)(同)(步)(下)(放)(”……
  这)(些)(话)(语)(出)(自)(针)(对)(国)(务)(院)(出)(台)(政)(策)(措)(施)(落)(实)(情)(况)(的)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(报)(告)(。这)(些)(报)(告)(是)(李)(克)(强)(总)(理)(亲)(自)(推)(动)(做)(出)(的)(,并)(且)(在)(中)(国)(政)(府)(网)(进)(行)(了)(公)(开)(报)(道)(。
  今)(年)(8月)(27日)(,李)(克)(强)(主)(持)(召)(开)(国)(务)(院)(常)(务)(会)(议)(,听)(取)(了)(政)(策)(措)(施)(落)(实)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(汇)(报)(。这)(是)(中)(央)(政)(府)(首)(次)(委)(托)(第)(三)(方)(来)(评)(估)(政)(府)(工)(作)(,上)(述)(话)(语)(即)(出)(自)(这)(个)(报)(告)(。据)(悉)(,李)(克)(强)(总)(理)(对)(评)(估)(效)(果)(很)(满)(意)(,认)(为)(报)(告)(提)(供)(了)(“丰)(富)(真)(实)(、原)(汁)(原)(味)(的)(第)(一)(手)(情)(况)(”。
  近)(一)(年)(多)(来)(,从)(国)(务)(院)(到)(各)(个)(部)(委)(、地)(方)(政)(府)(,都)(开)(始)(大)(规)(模)(地)(引)(入)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(。据)(南)(都)(记)(者)(统)(计)(,李)(克)(强)(至)(少)(在)(7次)(国)(务)(院)(常)(务)(会)(议)(上)(提)(到)(“第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(”。
  国)(家)(行)(政)(学)(院)(党)(委)(书)(记)(、副)(院)(长)(陈)(宝)(生)(认)(为)(,今)(年)(可)(以)(被)(视)(为)(“中)(国)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(的)(元)(年)(”,国)(务)(院)(层)(面)(上)(对)(一)(些)(重)(点)(政)(策)(的)(执)(行)(情)(况)(进)(行)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(,给)(全)(社)(会)(一)(个)(信)(号)(,今)(后)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(将)(会)(成)(为)(政)(府)(管)(理)(中)(的)(一)(个)(常)(态)(。
  南)(都)(记)(者)(了)(解)(到)(,有)(关)(部)(门)(正)(在)(起)(草)(“各)(级)(政)(府)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(指)(导)(意)(见)(”,这)(一)(文)(件)(将)(对)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(的)(范)(围)(、主)(体)(、评)(估)(者)(的)(资)(质)(、委)(托)(的)(方)(式)(、评)(估)(的)(公)(开)(等)(做)(出)(规)(范)(。
  国)(务)(院)(首)(次)(委)(托)(,第)(三)(方)(如)(何)(评)(估)(政)(府)(工)(作)(?
  国)(家)(行)(政)(学)(院)(是)(在)(今)(年)(6月)(初)(接)(到)(国)(务)(院)(办)(公)(厅)(委)(托)(任)(务)(。据)(悉)(,接)(到)(这)(一)(任)(务)(的)(还)(有)(中)(科)(院)(、国)(务)(院)(发)(展)(研)(究)(中)(心)(和)(全)(国)(工)(商)(联)(。
  按)(照)(分)(工)(,4家)(机)(构)(将)(对)(今)(年)(国)(务)(院)(重)(点)(推)(动)(的)(5项)(工)(作)(分)(别)(开)(展)(评)(估)(:国)(家)(行)(政)(学)(院)(评)(估)(“取)(消)(和)(下)(放)(行)(政)(审)(批)(事)(项)(、激)(发)(企)(业)(和)(市)(场)(活)(力)(”的)(落)(实)(情)(况)(;工)(商)(联)(评)(估)(“向)(非)(国)(有)(资)(本)(推)(出)(一)(批)(投)(资)(项)(目)(”;中)(科)(院)(评)(估)(“重)(大)(水)(利)(工)(程)(及)(农)(村)(饮)(水)(安)(全)(”。
  国)(研)(中)(心)(则)(承)(担)(了)(两)(项)(评)(估)(任)(务)(,分)(别)(是)(“加)(快)(棚)(户)(区)(改)(造)(”和)(“实)(行)(精)(准)(扶)(贫)(”。
  国)(务)(院)(最)(初)(的)(要)(求)(是)(8月)(10日)(前)(上)(交)(评)(估)(总)(报)(告)(,“时)(间)(非)(常)(紧)(”,国)(家)(行)(政)(学)(院)(随)(即)(成)(立)(了)(22名)(评)(估)(组)(成)(员)(,分)(成)(3个)(评)(估)(组)(,小)(组)(长)(均)(由)(副)(院)(长)(担)(任)(,领)(导)(小)(组)(组)(长)(则)(是)(学)(院)(党)(委)(书)(记)(陈)(宝)(生)(。评)(估)(组)(成)(员)(全)(部)(都)(是)(教)(授)(,加)(入)(团)(队)(的)(副)(教)(授)(和)(博)(士)(生)(都)(只)(能)(“打)(下)(手)(”。
  国)(家)(行)(政)(学)(院)(评)(估)(组)(成)(员)(、中)(国)(行)(政)(体)(制)(改)(革)(研)(究)(会)(秘)(书)(长)(王)(满)(传)(向)(南)(都)(记)(者)(介)(绍)(,评)(估)(组)(借)(鉴)(国)(际)(经)(验)(,对)(行)(政)(审)(批)(改)(革)(确)(定)(了)(“六)(评)(一)(看)(”(即)(评)(目)(标)(、评)(数)(量)(、评)(含)(金)(量)(、评)(监)(管)(、评)(规)(范)(、评)(效)(果)(;看)(下)(一)(步)(审)(批)(改)(革)()的)(评)(估)(方)(法)(。随)(后)(,评)(估)(组)(快)(递)(出)(了)(2800多)(份)(调)(查)(问)(卷)(,并)(开)(始)(赶)(赴)(20个)(部)(委)(、11个)(省)((市)(、区)()、24个)(地)(级)(市)((区)()和)(10个)(县)((市)()进)(行)(评)(估)(,先)(后)(召)(开)(103场)(座)(谈)(会)(,参)(加)(座)(谈)(访)(谈)(的)(有)(2000多)(人)(。
  工)(商)(联)(评)(估)(的)(是)(“向)(非)(国)(有)(资)(本)(推)(出)(一)(批)(投)(资)(项)(目)(”,为)(听)(取)(民)(营)(企)(业)(声)(音)(,全)(国)(工)(商)(联)(4个)(调)(查)(组)(分)(赴)(12省)(市)(,召)(开)(的)(174场)(座)(谈)(会)(共)(有)(1693家)(民)(营)(企)(业)(参)(加)(,实)(地)(走)(访)(企)(业)(278家)(,回)(收)(有)(效)(问)(卷)(3044份)(,获)(取)(了)(30多)(万)(字)(“原)(汁)(原)(味)(”的)(一)(手)(情)(况)(。
  由)(于)(时)(间)(太)(紧)(,国)(家)(行)(政)(学)(院)(评)(估)(组)(最)(终)(写)(总)(报)(告)(的)(时)(候)(,一)(些)(地)(方)(政)(府)(的)(调)(查)(问)(卷)(还)(未)(快)(递)(回)(来)(,最)(终)(采)(用)(的)(样)(本)(是)(2400多)(份)(调)(查)(问)(卷)(。
  为)(保)(证)(评)(估)(顺)(利)(进)(行)(,国)(务)(院)(还)(特)(地)(给)(各)(个)(评)(估)(组)(批)(了)(“路)(条)(”,评)(估)(组)(所)(到)(之)(处)(也)(因)(此)(受)(到)(“高)(度)(重)(视)(”。在)(河)(北)(,两)(名)(省)(委)(常)(委)(出)(面)(介)(绍)(情)(况)(。全)(国)(工)(商)(联)(评)(估)(组)(到)(湖)(南)(时)(,还)(受)(到)(省)(委)(书)(记)(、省)(长)(会)(见)(。评)(估)(组)(到)(教)(育)(部)(当)(天)(,教)(育)(部)(则)(派)(了)(11个)(部)(门)(27位)(负)(责)(人)(逐)(个)(逐)(个)(参)(加)(座)(谈)(。
  一)(个)(有)(意)(思)(的)(细)(节)(是)(,在)(评)(估)(组)(到)(来)(之)(前)(,国)(务)(院)(督)(察)(组)(刚)(在)(地)(方)(开)(展)(过)(督)(查)(,一)(些)(地)(方)(政)(府)(图)(省)(事)(,把)(汇)(报)(给)(督)(察)(组)(的)(材)(料)(复)(印)(了)(一)(份)(,又)(提)(交)(给)(了)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(组)(,后)(来)(才)(发)(现)(评)(估)(组)(和)(督)(察)(组)(的)(思)(路)(完)(全)(不)(一)(样)(,“督)(察)(组)(要)(看)(审)(批)(改)(革)(是)(否)(落)(实)(,我)(们)(还)(关)(注)(审)(批)(下)(放)(之)(后)(的)(监)(管)(做)(得)(如)(何)(。”一)(位)(参)(与)(此)(轮)(评)(估)(的)(专)(家)(告)(诉)(南)(都)(记)(者)(。
  8月)(27日)(国)(务)(院)(常)(务)(会)(议)(上)(,李)(克)(强)(对)(四)(家)(机)(构)(的)(评)(估)(效)(果)(很)(满)(意)(,认)(为)(提)(供)(了)(“丰)(富)(真)(实)(、原)(汁)(原)(味)(的)(第)(一)(手)(情)(况)(”。
  7次)(国)(务)(院)(常)(务)(会)(议)(,李)(克)(强)(专)(门)(谈)(到)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(
  去)(年)(9月)(6日)(,李)(克)(强)(主)(持)(召)(开)(国)(务)(院)(常)(务)(会)(议)(,听)(取)(全)(国)(工)(商)(联)(所)(作)(的)(民)(间)(投)(资)(政)(策)(落)(实)(情)(况)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(汇)(报)(。这)(是)(李)(克)(强)(首)(次)(在)(国)(务)(院)(常)(务)(会)(议)(上)(,专)(门)(听)(取)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(。
  虽)(然)(这)(次)(“第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(”不)(是)(由)(国)(务)(院)(直)(接)(委)(托)(,而)(是)(由)(国)(家)(发)(改)(委)(委)(托)(全)(国)(工)(商)(联)(所)(作)(,但)(就)(一)(项)(政)(策)(的)(落)(实)(情)(况)(专)(门)(听)(取)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(,国)(务)(院)(的)(这)(一)(举)(措)(,对)(重)(大)(决)(策)(民)(主)(化)(、科)(学)(化)(具)(有)(开)(创)(性)(意)(义)(。据)(悉)(此)(次)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(,确)(实)(也)(听)(到)(了)(不)(少)(“真)(声)(音)(”,发)(现)(了)(不)(少)(“真)(问)(题)(”,比)(如)(民)(营)(企)(业)(在)(市)(场)(准)(入)(方)(面)(仍)(遭)(遇)(不)(少)(体)(制)(性)(和)(政)(策)(性)(障)(碍)(;部)(分)(实)(施)(细)(则)(不)(具)(体)(、操)(作)(性)(不)(强)(或)(门)(槛)(设)(置)(过)(高)(,实)(践)(中)(很)(难)(落)(实)(;对)(政)(策)(落)(实)(缺)(乏)(考)(核)(监)(督)(等)(等)(。正)(因)(为)(从)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(汇)(报)(中)(了)(解)(到)(真)(实)(情)(况)(,国)(务)(院)(有)(的)(放)(矢)(,立)(刻)(推)(出)(为)(民)(间)(投)(资)(参)(与)(市)(场)(竞)(争)(“松)(绑)(开)(路)(”的)(五)(大)(举)(措)(。
  这)(次)(国)(务)(院)(常)(务)(会)(议)(专)(门)(强)(调)(,“各)(部)(门)(要)(强)(化)(对)(政)(策)(落)(实)(情)(况)(的)(督)(查)(考)(核)(,注)(重)(引)(入)(社)(会)(力)(量)(开)(展)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(,接)(受)(各)(方)(监)(督)(,不)(能)(自)(拉)(自)(唱)(。”
  据)(南)(都)(记)(者)(统)(计)(,从)(2013年)(9月)(6日)(到)(今)(年)(8月)(27日)(,李)(克)(强)(先)(后)(在)(7次)(国)(务)(院)(常)(务)(会)(议)(上)(专)(门)(谈)(到)(“第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(”。
  67岁)(的)(国)(家)(发)(改)(委)(原)(党)(组)(成)(员)(、中)(国)(经)(济)(体)(制)(改)(革)(研)(究)(会)(顾)(问)(宋)(晓)(梧)(参)(与)(了)(一)(次)(国)(家)(发)(改)(委)(委)(托)(的)(对)(全)(国)(11个)(综)(合)(改)(革)(配)(套)(试)(验)(区)(的)(评)(估)(。
  2005年)(,中)(国)(第)(一)(个)(综)(合)(改)(革)(配)(套)(试)(验)(区)(在)(上)(海)(浦)(东)(新)(区)(成)(立)(,随)(后)(,重)(庆)(、湖)(南)(、山)(西)(等)(10个)(地)(区)(分)(别)(获)(批)(准)(设)(立)(了)(综)(合)(改)(革)(配)(套)(试)(验)(区)(。9年)(过)(去)(,这)(些)(试)(验)(区)(做)(得)(如)(何)(、哪)(些)(经)(验)(可)(向)(全)(国)(推)(广)(、哪)(些)(试)(点)(还)(得)(继)(续)(探)(索)(,成)(为)(评)(估)(组)(评)(估)(的)(重)(点)(内)(容)(。
  南)(都)(记)(者)(了)(解)(到)(,国)(家)(发)(改)(委)(先)(召)(集)(了)(受)(委)(托)(的)(12家)(机)(构)(,开)(了)(三)(四)(次)(会)(,包)(括)(中)(国)(人)(民)(大)(学)(在)(内)(的)(11家)(评)(估)(机)(构)(分)(别)(对)(11个)(综)(合)(配)(套)(改)(革)(试)(验)(区)(做)(单)(独)(的)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(,宋)(晓)(梧)(所)(在)(的)(中)(国)(经)(济)(体)(制)(改)(革)(研)(究)(会)(则)(是)(进)(行)(总)(体)(评)(估)(。
  “发)(改)(委)(为)(每)(个)(评)(估)(小)(组)(各)(配)(备)(一)(个)(联)(络)(人)(,保)(持)(联)(络)(沟)(通)(,形)(成)(工)(作)(机)(制)(”,中)(国)(人)(民)(大)(学)(财)(政)(金)(融)(学)(院)(副)(院)(长)(、人)(大)(评)(估)(组)(的)(副)(组)(长)(赵)(锡)(军)(说)(,有)(了)(这)(一)(层)(保)(障)(,评)(估)(组)(提)(出)(见)(什)(么)(人)(,去)(什)(么)(单)(位)(考)(察)(,各)(方)(都)(比)(较)(配)(合)(。
  作)(为)(发)(改)(委)(总)(结)(评)(估)(的)(承)(担)(者)(,宋)(晓)(梧)(去)(山)(西)(考)(察)(,一)(些)(官)(员)(为)(了)(应)(付)(,都)(事)(先)(准)(备)(好)(了)(稿)(子)(。“本)(来)(是)(去)(了)(解)(资)(源)(城)(市)(转)(型)(的)(试)(点)(,他)(们)(却)(谈)(到)(不)(相)(关)(的)(教)(育)(问)(题)(,而)(且)(谈)(得)(很)(细)(致)(”。宋)(晓)(梧)(直)(接)(打)(断)(汇)(报)(说)(,“扯)(太)(远)(了)(,直)(接)(谈)(问)(题)(”。
  最)(终)(,综)(合)(配)(套)(改)(革)(试)(验)(区)(的)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(报)(告)(提)(交)(至)(国)(务)(院)(,李)(克)(强)(总)(理)(专)(门)(做)(了)(批)(示)(,“认)(为)(评)(估)(质)(量)(很)(高)(,效)(果)(很)(好)(”。
  在)(承)(接)(这)(项)(任)(务)(时)(,参)(与)(者)(都)(签)(了)(保)(密)(协)(议)(。最)(开)(始)(,评)(估)(结)(果)(也)(不)(准)(备)(公)(开)(,不)(过)(最)(终)(,有)(关)(方)(面)(在)(和)(涉)(及)(的)(部)(委)(协)(商)(后)(,决)(定)(把)(这)(次)(评)(估)(报)(告)(整)(理)(成)(册)(,出)(版)(公)(开)(发)(行)(。
  宋)(晓)(梧)(说)(,报)(告)(的)(公)(开)(,征)(求)(了)(各)(部)(门)(意)(见)(,大)(家)(认)(为)(把)(成)(果)(拿)(出)(来)(讨)(论)(,对)(改)(革)(有)(积)(极)(作)(用)(,“有)(些)(领)(导)(同)(志)(也)(主)(张)(公)(开)(”。
  一)(个)(标)(本)(:互)(相)(之)(间)(不)(通)(气)(“背)(靠)(背)(”式)(评)(估)(
  除)(了)(国)(家)(发)(改)(委)(外)(,教)(育)(部)(、科)(技)(部)(都)(在)(2014年)(下)(发)(的)(文)(件)(和)(规)(章)(中)(,提)(出)(要)(引)(入)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(。民)(政)(部)(已)(经)(委)(托)(五)(所)(大)(学)(成)(立)(了)(五)(个)(“和)(谐)(社)(区)(建)(设)(”的)(“第)(三)(方)(”评)(估)(小)(组)(。一)(些)(省)(份)(也)(效)(仿)(国)(务)(院)(,派)(出)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(组)(,督)(查)(政)(策)(落)(实)(情)(况)(。
  改)(革)(开)(放)(新)(的)(“试)(验)(田)(”的)(上)(海)(自)(贸)(区)(在)(今)(年)(经)(受)(了)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(的)(一)(次)(又)(一)(次)(“洗)(礼)(”。截)(至)(目)(前)(,已)(经)(受)(到)(国)(研)(中)(心)(、普)(华)(永)(道)(管)(理)(咨)(询)(公)(司)(、上)(海)(财)(大)(、上)(海)(对)(外)(经)(贸)(大)(学)(和)(上)(海)(投)(资)(咨)(询)(公)(司)(至)(少)(5家)(机)(构)(的)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(。
  这)(些)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(同)(步)(进)(行)(,被)(要)(求)(互)(相)(之)(间)(不)(通)(气)(,一)(个)(政)(策)(有)(多)(家)(第)(三)(方)(进)(行)(评)(估)(,其)(结)(论)(和)(效)(果)(也)(能)(进)(行)(比)(较)(。有)(意)(思)(的)(是)(,早)(在)(约)(半)(年)(前)(,上)(海)(社)(科)(院)(和)(国)(家)(发)(改)(委)(就)(已)(经)(分)(别)(向)(国)(务)(院)(提)(交)(了)(一)(份)(上)(海)(自)(贸)(区)(的)(评)(估)(报)(告)(。李)(克)(强)(觉)(得)(这)(还)(是)(内)(部)(评)(估)(,虽)(然)(值)(得)(肯)(定)(,但)(还)(需)(要)(邀)(请)(第)(三)(方)(来)(进)(行)(评)(估)(。
  在)(进)(行)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(的)(同)(时)(,一)(些)(地)(方)(还)(意)(识)(到)(,如)(果)(要)(真)(正)(发)(挥)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(在)(科)(学)(决)(策)(和)(民)(主)(决)(策)(中)(的)(作)(用)(,还)(需)(要)(在)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(制)(度)(建)(设)(上)(发)(力)(。
  湖)(南)(省)(在)(全)(国)(率)(先)(制)(定)(《湖)(南)(省)(全)(面)(深)(化)(改)(革)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(办)(法)(》(试)(行)()。南)(都)(记)(者)(从)(湖)(南)(省)(委)(办)(公)(厅)(获)(悉)(,这)(项)(工)(作)(由)(湖)(南)(省)(委)(改)(革)(办)(牵)(头)(。该)(办)(法)(11月)(已)(经)(在)(湖)(南)(省)(委)(深)(改)(组)(讨)(论)(通)(过)(,正)(待)(进)(一)(步)(修)(改)(后)(出)(台)(。
  “制)(定)(这)(个)(办)(法)(,我)(们)(也)(和)(中)(央)(改)(革)(办)(汇)(报)(过)(”,湖)(南)(省)(委)(改)(革)(办)(一)(位)(工)(作)(人)(员)(对)(南)(都)(记)(者)(说)(,湖)(南)(先)(行)(出)(台)(办)(法)(,主)(要)(是)(为)(了)(增)(强)(改)(革)(的)(科)(学)(性)(、协)(同)(性)(和)(实)(效)(性)(,“现)(在)(的)(改)(革)(都)(是)(存)(量)(改)(革)(,全)(是)(难)(啃)(的)(硬)(骨)(头)(”,所)(谓)(“科)(学)(性)(”,就)(是)(增)(强)(改)(革)(方)(案)(出)(台)(前)(的)(预)(判)(;“协)(同)(性)(”,就)(是)(增)(强)(改)(革)(方)(案)(在)(推)(进)(过)(程)(中)(的)(彼)(此)(协)(调)(,不)(互)(相)(打)(架)(;所)(谓)(“实)(效)(性)(”,就)(是)(确)(保)(改)(革)(的)(落)(地)(。
  改)(革)(必)(然)(牵)(涉)(部)(门)(利)(益)(,他)(们)(认)(为)(,由)(“第)(三)(方)(”做)(评)(估)(会)(更)(具)(客)(观)(性)(、权)(威)(性)(。这)(位)(工)(作)(人)(员)(透)(露)(,在)(湖)(南)(的)(“第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(”办)(法)(中)(,不)(仅)(规)(定)(对)(改)(革)(落)(实)(情)(况)(要)(进)(行)(“事)(后)(评)(估)(”,还)(把)(改)(革)(方)(案)(实)(施)(前)(要)(进)(行)(的)(“事)(前)(评)(估)(”、改)(革)(过)(程)(中)(的)(“事)(中)(评)(估)(”都)(写)(入)(了)(办)(法)(中)(。这)(意)(味)(着)(,根)(据)(办)(法)(,第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(日)(后)(将)(伴)(随)(湖)(南)(改)(革)(的)(全)(过)(程)(。
  和)(湖)(南)(一)(样)(,河)(北)(、河)(南)(好)(几)(个)(地)(方)(都)(准)(备)(出)(台)(类)(似)(的)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(办)(法)(。为)(此)(,他)(们)(还)(专)(门)(找)(到)(了)(参)(与)(国)(务)(院)(委)(托)(评)(估)(的)(国)(家)(行)(政)(学)(院)(评)(估)(组)(求)(教)(,希)(望)(举)(办)(培)(训)(班)(。
  更)(高)(层)(次)(:中)(央)(重)(大)(决)(策)(引)(入)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(
  第)(三)(方)(不)(局)(限)(于)(对)(政)(府)(工)(作)(的)(评)(估)(,还)(体)(现)(在)(党)(中)(央)(国)(务)(院)(重)(大)(决)(策)(部)(署)(贯)(彻)(落)(实)(情)(况)(以)(及)(重)(大)(立)(法)(上)(。
  今)(年)(10月)(,十)(八)(届)(四)(中)(全)(会)(通)(过)(的)(《中)(共)(中)(央)(关)(于)(全)(面)(推)(进)(依)(法)(治)(国)(若)(干)(重)(大)(问)(题)(的)(决)(定)(》则)(提)(出)(,对)(部)(门)(间)(争)(议)(较)(大)(的)(重)(要)(立)(法)(事)(项)(,由)(决)(策)(机)(关)(引)(入)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(,充)(分)(听)(取)(各)(方)(意)(见)(。
  11月)(27日)(,党)(中)(央)(国)(务)(院)(重)(大)(决)(策)(部)(署)(贯)(彻)(落)(实)(情)(况)(督)(查)(动)(员)(会)(决)(定)(对)(十)(八)(届)(三)(中)(全)(会)(《决)(定)(》的)(重)(要)(部)(署)(、2013年)(中)(央)(经)(济)(工)(作)(会)(议)(确)(定)(的)(主)(要)(任)(务)(、十)(二)(届)(全)(国)(人)(大)(二)(次)(会)(议)(审)(议)(通)(过)(的)(《政)(府)(工)(作)(报)(告)(》重)(点)(工)(作)(的)(完)(成)(情)(况)(进)(行)(督)(查)(,对)(其)(中)(部)(分)(重)(点)(政)(策)(措)(施)(落)(实)(情)(况)(开)(展)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(。
  除)(了)(对)(政)(策)(落)(实)(情)(况)(的)(评)(估)(,不)(少)(部)(门)(还)(开)(始)(在)(政)(策)(实)(施)(之)(前)(的)(评)(估)(,就)(决)(策)(也)(引)(入)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(。
  “如)(果)(政)(策)(出)(台)(前)(就)(有)(政)(策)(评)(估)(,就)(可)(以)(避)(免)(一)(些)(不)(负)(责)(任)(的)(政)(策)(出)(台)(”,王)(满)(传)(说)(,这)(些)(不)(负)(责)(任)(的)(政)(策)(会)(“影)(响)(政)(府)(的)(威)(信)(”。
  南)(都)(记)(者)(了)(解)(到)(,中)(国)(社)(科)(院)(正)(在)(对)(十)(八)(届)(三)(中)(全)(会)(经)(济)(和)(生)(态)(文)(明)(领)(域)(的)(百)(余)(项)(改)(革)(落)(实)(方)(案)(做)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(。这)(项)(任)(务)(目)(前)(由)(社)(科)(院)(副)(院)(长)(、经)(济)(学)(部)(主)(任)(李)(扬)(牵)(头)(。此)(外)(,国)(务)(院)(发)(展)(研)(究)(中)(心)(也)(在)(承)(担)(这)(项)(评)(估)(任)(务)(。
  “现)(在)(评)(估)(的)(任)(务)(很)(重)(”,中)(国)(社)(科)(院)(一)(位)(评)(估)(组)(专)(家)(对)(南)(都)(记)(者)(说)(,社)(科)(院)(承)(担)(的)(三)(中)(全)(会)(改)(革)(方)(案)(评)(估)(任)(务)(,是)(一)(项)(跟)(踪)(式)(的)(评)(估)(。先)(是)(对)(方)(案)(,然)(后)(是)(对)(执)(行)(过)(程)(、结)(果)(的)(评)(估)(,会)(一)(直)(持)(续)(下)(去)(。
  观)(察)(
  如)(何)(保)(证)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(的)(独)(立)(性)(?
  今)(年)(国)(务)(院)(委)(托)(进)(行)(评)(估)(的)(4家)(机)(构)(都)(是)(国)(务)(院)(直)(属)(事)(业)(单)(位)(,有)(舆)(论)(认)(为)(,这)(只)(能)(算)(“准)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(”。究)(竟)(怎)(么)(样)(才)(是)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(?如)(何)(保)(证)(评)(估)(的)(独)(立)(性)(?这)(些)(都)(是)(舆)(论)(关)(注)(的)(问)(题)(。
  国)(家)(行)(政)(学)(院)(评)(估)(组)(成)(员)(、中)(国)(行)(政)(体)(制)(改)(革)(研)(究)(会)(秘)(书)(长)(王)(满)(传)(认)(为)(,所)(谓)(第)(三)(方)(是)(相)(对)(于)(第)(一)(方)(和)(第)(二)(方)(来)(说)(的)(,从)(落)(实)(的)(角)(度)(来)(讲)(,自)(查)(的)(各)(个)(部)(门)(就)(是)(第)(一)(方)(,国)(务)(院)(督)(察)(组)(是)(第)(二)(方)(。既)(不)(制)(定)(政)(策)(,也)(不)(执)(行)(政)(策)(,独)(立)(于)(政)(策)(运)(行)(过)(程)(之)(外)(的)(、相)(对)(超)(脱)(的)(机)(构)(就)(是)(第)(三)(方)(。
  比)(如)(,像)(国)(家)(行)(政)(学)(院)(这)(样)(的)(机)(构)(日)(常)(既)(不)(制)(定)(也)(不)(执)(行)(具)(体)(的)(政)(策)(,独)(立)(于)(政)(策)(过)(程)(之)(外)(,可)(以)(视)(为)(“第)(三)(方)(”。
  在)(参)(与)(了)(对)(全)(国)(11个)(综)(合)(改)(革)(配)(套)(试)(验)(区)(评)(估)(的)(宋)(晓)(梧)(看)(来)(,第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(的)(独)(立)(性)(确)(实)(存)(在)(两)(难)(的)(问)(题)(。他)(所)(在)(中)(国)(体)(改)(会)(是)(受)(国)(家)(发)(改)(委)(委)(托)(,进)(行)(评)(估)(的)(。在)(出)(发)(之)(前)(,国)(家)(发)(改)(委)(就)(会)(通)(知)(当)(地)(政)(府)(,评)(估)(组)(要)(去)(调)(查)(什)(么)(地)(方)(、调)(查)(什)(么)(情)(况)(,地)(方)(政)(府)(都)(不)(敢)(拦)(着)(,一)(定)(程)(度)(上)(,他)(们)(确)(实)(能)(获)(得)(真)(实)(情)(况)(。
  “掌)(握)(第)(一)(手)(材)(料)(,把)(握)(真)(实)(的)(信)(息)(是)(必)(须)(的)(”,受)(发)(改)(委)(委)(托)(带)(队)(去)(评)(估)(湖)(南)(长)(株)(潭)(两)(型)(试)(验)(区)(的)(中)(国)((海)(南)()改)(革)(研)(究)(院)(院)(长)(迟)(福)(林)(说)(。
  但)(如)(果)(进)(行)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(的)(智)(库)(完)(全)(独)(立)(,在)(评)(估)(的)(过)(程)(中)(,一)(些)(部)(门)(和)(地)(方)(很)(可)(能)(以)(“保)(密)(、没)(有)(义)(务)(提)(供)(这)(方)(面)(资)(料)(”为)(由)(拒)(绝)(,那)(么)(即)(使)(机)(构)(是)(完)(全)(独)(立)(,最)(终)(的)(评)(估)(报)(告)(也)(有)(可)(能)(是)(不)(全)(面)(的)(。
  “社)(会)(力)(量)(不)(见)(得)(能)(与)(决)(策)(者)(的)(利)(益)(剥)(离)(开)(,而)(体)(制)(内)(的)(评)(估)(者)(也)(可)(视)(为)(立)(场)(中)(立)(”,长)(期)(研)(究)(智)(库)(的)(清)(华)(大)(学)(公)(共)(管)(理)(学)(院)(教)(授)(朱)(旭)(峰)(认)(为)(,尽)(管)(体)(制)(外)(的)(第)(三)(方)(能)(尽)(量)(保)(证)(其)(独)(立)(性)(,但)(是)(其)(评)(估)(的)(质)(量)(也)(有)(待)(检)(验)(。
  宋)(晓)(梧)(也)(说)(,即)(使)(目)(前)(采)(用)(招)(投)(标)(的)(方)(式)(来)(选)(择)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(机)(构)(,最)(后)(还)(是)(可)(能)(落)(到)(那)(些)(有)(研)(究)(能)(力)(、规)(模)(较)(大)(的)(官)(方)(和)(半)(官)(方)(智)(库)(身)(上)(。其)(中)(一)(个)(重)(要)(原)(因)(是)(社)(会)(智)(库)(的)(规)(模)(还)(比)(较)(小)(,智)(库)(产)(业)(在)(中)(国)(仍)(有)(待)(壮)(大)(。
  国)(务)(院)(常)(务)(会)(议)(
  2013年)(9月)(6日)(
  相)(关)(主)(题)(
  听)(取)(民)(间)(投)(资)(政)(策)(落)(实)(情)(况)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(汇)(报)(。
  会)(议)(要)(求)(
  各)(部)(门)(要)(注)(重)(引)(入)(社)(会)(力)(量)(开)(展)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(,接)(受)(各)(方)(监)(督)(,不)(能)(“自)(拉)(自)(唱)(”。
  2013年)(10月)(8日)(
  部)(署)(加)(强)(财)(政)(扶)(贫)(等)(保)(民)(生)(资)(金)(管)(理)(和)(公)(共)(资)(金)(审)(计)(监)(督)(。
  要)(创)(造)(条)(件)(,采)(取)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(等)(方)(式)(加)(强)(监)(督)(。
  2014年)(3月)(19日)(
  确)(定)(《政)(府)(工)(作)(报)(告)(》重)(点)(工)(作)(部)(门)(分)(工)(。
  强)(化)(公)(开)(,引)(入)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(,接)(受)(人)(民)(监)(督)(。
  2014年)(5月)(30日)(
  决)(定)(对)(国)(务)(院)(已)(出)(台)(政)(策)(措)(施)(落)(实)(情)(况)(开)(展)(全)(面)(督)(查)(。
  这)(次)(督)(查)(要)(引)(入)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(和)(社)(会)(评)(价)(,既)(督)(地)(方)(也)(督)(部)(门)(。
  2014年)(7月)(16日)(
  听)(取)(国)(务)(院)(出)(台)(政)(策)(措)(施)(推)(进)(情)(况)(督)(查)(汇)(报)(并)(部)(署)(狠)(抓)(落)(实)(与)(整)(改)(。
  各)(地)(区)(、各)(部)(门)(要)(建)(立)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(制)(度)(,接)(受)(社)(会)(评)(议)(和)(监)(督)(。
  2014年)(7月)(23日)(
  部)(署)(多)(措)(并)(举)(缓)(解)(企)(业)(融)(资)(成)(本)(高)(问)(题)(。
  各)(有)(关)(部)(门)(要)(引)(入)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(,确)(保)(政)(策)(尽)(快)(落)(实)(、见)(到)(实)(效)(。
  2014年)(8月)(27日)(
  听)(取)(政)(策)(措)(施)(落)(实)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(汇)(报)(,改)(革)(创)(新)(政)(府)(管)(理)(方)(式)(。
  第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(对)(政)(府)(工)(作)(既)(是)(监)(督)(,也)(是)(推)(动)(,要)(形)(成)(制)(度)(。
  据)(新)(华)(社)(
  对)(党)(中)(央)(国)(务)(院)(部)(分)(重)(点)(政)(策)(措)(施)(落)(实)(情)(况)(开)(展)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(。
  —中)(共)(中)(央)(办)(公)(厅)(、国)(务)(院)(办)(公)(厅)(
  对)(部)(门)(间)(争)(议)(较)(大)(的)(重)(要)(立)(法)(事)(项)(,由)(决)(策)(机)(关)(引)(入)(第)(三)(方)(评)(估)(,充)(分)(听)(取)(各)(方)(意)(见)(。
  —《中)(共)(中)(央)(关)(于)(全)(面)(推)(进)(依)(法)(治)(国)(若)(干)(重)(大)(问)(题)(的)(决)(定)(》
  南)(都)(记)(者)(吴)(斌)(程)(姝)(雯)(龙)(玉)(琴)(实)(习)(生)(沈)(清)(涛)(侯)(飞)(越)(
)


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